Usually, citizenship for a nation is acquired by birth within the territory, descent from a parent who is a citizen, marriage to a citizen or naturalisation.
Citizenship-by-investment schemes (also known as economic citizenship programmes) are offered by governments that wish to encourage wealthy individuals to invest in their countries. Although the benefits vary from scheme to scheme, successful investor visa applicants often acquire rights such as:
The two most well-developed investment programmes are for St. Kitts & Nevis and the Commonwealth of Dominica, which offer optional residency rights. They also allow the individual to maintain dual nationality status, so they can remain a national of their current country.
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